Canadian Subatomic Physics Long Range Plan


ALPHA (Antihydrogen Laser PHysics Apparatus)
A set of experiments at the CERN Antiproton Decelerator trapping and studying the properties of antihydrogen atoms (incorporates ALPHA-3 and ALPHA-g).
ARIEL (Advanced Rare IsotopE Laboratory)
A project to enhance TRIUMF’s capabilities to produce rare isotope beams and to showcase new Canadian accelerator technology.
A proposed multi-hundred tonne dark matter experiment using liquid argon to search for weakly interacting massive particles through direct detection. The preferred location of the experiment is SNOLAB in Canada.
ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS)
An experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, one of the two general-purpose detectors at the Large Hadron Collider, primarily detecting the collision products of proton-proton collisions.
Belle II
A B-hadron physics experiment at the SuperKEKB electron-positron collider in Japan.
BeEST (Beryllium Electron capture in Superconducting Tunnel junctions Experiment)
An experiment to search for sterile neutrinos using the electron capture decay of Beryllium-7 implanted into superconducting quantum sensors.
BRIKEN (Beta-delayed neutron studies at RIKEN)
A large 3He-long counter neutron detection array with an implantation detector which will take data at the Riken Nishina Center until 2021.
CANARIE operates and evolves the national backbone of Canada’s ultra-high-speed National Research and Education Network (NREN), providing the national and international networking for Canada’s subatomic physics community.
CANREB (CANadian Rare-isotope facility with Electron-Beam ion source)
A CFI-funded project that will improve the purity of rare ion beams delivered by ARIEL to ISAC.
CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research)
International laboratory for nuclear and particle physics located on the French-Swiss border near Geneva.
CFI (Canada Foundation for Innovation)
Created by the Government of Canada in 1997, CFI makes investments in state-of-the-art research facilities and equipment in a wide variety of scientific disciplines.
Chiral Belle
A proposed upgrade to the SuperKEKB collider to use a polarized electron beam in electron-positron collisions in order to measure asymmetries in the production cross-section of different reactions with the Belle II detector.
CINP (Canadian Institute of Nuclear Physics)
A formal organization of the Canadian nuclear physics research community to promote excellence in nuclear research and education, and to advocate the interests and goals of the community both domestically and abroad. It gathered input from the Canadian nuclear physics research community for this document.
CPT (Charge, Parity, Time)
The combined Charge, Parity and Time symmetry is assumed to be an exact symmetry of nature at the fundamental level.
CREX (Calcium Radius EXperiment)
Experiment at JLab to measure the neutron radius of 48Ca.
CUTE (the Cryogenic Underground Test Experiment)
An underground facility at SNOLAB for testing and characterizaton of SuperCDMS crystals and other cryogenic detectors.
A fixed-target experiment using the ARIEL electron accelerator at TRIUMF to search for new physics in electron-positron final states.
A dark matter experiment searching for direct detection of weakly interacting massive particles using a two-phase liquid argon detector with a 50 tonnes active volume at the INFN Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy.
DEAP/DEAP-3600 (Dark matter Experiment using Argon Pulse shape discrimination)
A dark matter experiment searching for direct detection of weakly interacting massive particles using scintillation in 3.3 tonnes of liquid argon.
DESCANT (DEuterated SCintillator Array for Neutron Tagging)
A 70-element neutron detector array used at ISAC.
DOE (Department of Energy)
The United States Department of Energy, which operates a number of national laboratories across the USA.
DRAGON (Detector of Recoils And Gammas Of Nuclear reactions)
A detector designed to measure the rates of nuclear reactions important in astrophysics, based at ISAC-I.
DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment)
An experiment consisting of massive detectors, at Fermilab in Illinois and Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota, and designed to study the physics of neutrinos using the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility in the US.
EDM (Electric Dipole Moment)
A relative displacement of positive and negative charge in an object. Permanent electric dipole moments are forbidden for fundamental particles by time reversal violation.
EIC (Electron-Ion Collider)
A new DOE nuclear physics user facility under construction at Brookhaven National Lab.
EMMA (ElectroMagnetic Mass Analyzer)
A device to study the products of nuclear reactions involving rare isotopes at ISAC-II.
A γ-ray nuclei spectroscopy project at RIKEN.
EXO (Enriched Xenon Observatory)
An experiment to measure neutrinoless double beta-decay in 136Xe. The EXO-200 experiment is located at the WIPP facility in New Mexico, USA. nEXO is under development for installation at SNOLAB.
FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research)
An accelerator facility for studying nuclear structure and nuclear matter, presently under construction as an upgrade of the GSI facility in Darmstadt, Germany.
FCC (Future Circular Collider)
A proposed next generation particle collider. The FCC-ee refers to a circular electron–positron collider proposed as a first stage towards a 100 TeV circular proton–proton collider.
FrEDM (Francium Electric Dipole Moment)
A future experiment to measure the electric dipole moment in francium at TRIUMF ISAC-I.
FRIB (Facility for Rare Isotope Beams)
A new DOE user facility for nuclear science on the campus of Michigan State University in the USA with first experiments in 2022.
FrPNC (Francium Parity Non-Conservation)
An experiment to study atomic parity non-conservation in francium, based at ISAC-I.
GlueX (Gluonic Excitations Experiment)
An experiment seeking to identify hybrid mesons with explicit gluonic degrees of freedom at Jefferson Lab Hall D.
GSI (GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research)
A research center in Darmstadt, Germany.
GRIFFIN (Gamma-Ray Infrastructure For Fundamental Investigations of Nuclei)
A detector at ISAC-I for studying nuclear decays at high resolution.
HAICU (Hydrogen-Antihydrogen Infrastructure at Canadian Universities)
HAICU is a proposed R&D initiative to establish an infrastructure in Canada for the development of quantum sensing techniques for antimatter research, such as anti-atomic fountains and antimatter wave interferometers.
HALO (Helium And Lead Observatory)
A long-term, low-cost, high-livetime, and low-maintenance dedicated supernova detector running at SNOLAB.
HL-LHC (High-Luminosity LHC)
The high-luminosity running phase of the LHC planned to begin in 2027.
HQP (Highly Qualified Personnel)
Personnel obtaining advanced skills as a result of NSERC-funded research, including students, postdocs and technicians.
IceCube (IceCube Neutrino Observatory)
A particle detector at the South Pole encompassing a cubic kilometer of ice instrumented with a 3D array of photo-detectors.
ILC (International Linear Collider)
A proposed electron-positron linear particle collider with a planned initial collision energy of 250 GeV, and possible upgradable up to 1 TeV.
IPP (Institute of Particle Physics)
A formal organization that promotes Canadian excellence in particle physics research and advanced education. It gathered input from the Canadian particle physics research community for this document.
IRIS (ISAC Charged Particle Reaction Spectroscopy Station)
A rare-isotope reaction spectroscopy station utilizing reactions with a frozen (solid) hydrogen and deuterium targets.
ISAC (Isotope Separator and ACcelerator)
A rare isotope accelerator facility, based at TRIUMF. There are two experimental halls, ISAC-I and ISAC-II.
JEF (JLab Eta Factory)
A future experimental program at Jefferson Lab to measure various η and η′ mesons decays with emphasis on rare neutral modes.
JLab (Jefferson Lab)
The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, located in Newport News, Virginia.
J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex)
Joint project between KEK and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, which hosts the proton accelerator used in the T2K experiment (and future Hyper-K experiment).
KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization and National Laboratory)
A Laboratory located in Tsukuba, Japan, specialising in neutrino and B-hadron physics.
KEKB (KEK B-physics)
An Asymmetric Electron-Positron Collider for B-hadron Physics located at KEK. It hosts the Belle II experiment.
LBNF (Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility)
Facility in the US that produces the world’s most intense neutrino beam used by the DUNE experiment.
A collaboration to search for neutrinoless double beta decay formed with the merger of the Gerda and Majorana collaborations. LEGEND-200 is an experiment under construction at Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy. LEGEND-1000 is a proposed detector comprising 1000 kg of germanium crystals.
LHC (Large Hadron Collider)
A proton and heavy ion collider at CERN which hosts the ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, and ALICE experiments.
MAMI (Mainz Microtron)
An electron accelerator facility, located on the campus of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany.
MATHUSLA (MAssive Timing Hodoscope for Ultra Stable neutraL pArticles)
A proposed experiment to be located on the surface above one of the interaction regions at the LHC to search for neutral long-lived particles hypothesized to exist in various new physics scenarios beyond the Standard Model.
MoEDAL (Monopole and Exotics Detector at the LHC)
A dedicated detector array at the LHC designed to detect magnetic monopoles and other highly ionizing massive particles hypothesized in a number of physics scenarios beyond the Standard Model.
MOLLER (Measurement Of a Lepton-Lepton Electroweak Reaction)
An experiment to measure the parity-violating asymmetry in electron-electron (Moller) scattering at Jefferson Lab.
MRS (Major Resources Support)
An NSERC program to facilitate the effective access by Canadian academic researchers, working in the field of subatomic physics, to major and unique national or international (based in Canada) experimental or thematic research resources by financially assisting these resources to remain in a state of readiness for researchers’ to use.
Nab (Neutron “a” and “b” experiment)
An experiment at the Oak Ridge laboratory in the US that will study the beta decay of cold neutrons.
Experiment at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron to measure the rare kaon decay K+ → π+ νν.
NDRIO (New Digitial Research Infrastructure Organization)
Organization tasked with restructuring Canadian academic research computing. The organization was renamed the Digital Research Alliance of Canada in late 2021.
NEWS-G (New Experiments With Spheres - Gas)
Collaboration developing gaseous spherical proportional counters for multiple particle detection purposes. NEWS-G @SNOLAB is an experimental direct search for dark matter, currently operating at SNOLAB.
nEXO (The next phase of the Enriched Xenon Observatory)
A next-generation experiment searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 5 tonnes of liquefied xenon enriched in 136Xe, proposed for SNOLAB.
NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada)
An agency of the Government of Canada that supports university students in their advanced studies, promotes and supports discovery research, and fosters innovation by encouraging Canadian companies to participate and invest in postsecondary research projects.
PI (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics)
Centre for scientific research, training, and educational outreach in foundational theoretical physics based in Waterloo, Ontario.
A collaboration formed merging the Picasso and COUPP experiments that searched for direct detection of dark matter with bubble chambers at SNOLAB. The current detector, PICO-40L, operates with 40 L of superheated liquids. A 500 kg version, PICO-500, is under construction at SNOLAB.
A proposed next-generation rare pion decay experiment to be located at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland.
P-ONE (Pacific Ocean Neutrino Experiment)
A proposed neutrino telescope in the deep waters of the Pacific Ocean off Vancouver Island, BC, supported by Ocean Networks Canada infrastructure.
QCD (Quantum ChromoDynamics)
The theory describing the fundamental interactions between quarks and gluons.
RAMS (Radioactive Molecules for Fundamental Physics)
Proposed facility at TRIUMF to search for symmetry-violating effects in radioactive molecules.
RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider)
Heavy-ion collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in the USA.
RIB (Rare Isotope Beam)
A beam used in studies of nuclear structure and nuclear reactions of astrophysical importance.
RIBF (Rare Isotope Beam Factory)
A user facility for nuclear science, located at RIKEN Nishina Center, Japan.
RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research)
Japan’s largest comprehensive research institution that performs research in a diverse range of scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, medical science, biology and engineering.
RTI (Research Tools and Instruments)
NSERC program to financially support research tools and instruments.
SAP (SubAtomic Physics)
The broader field of nuclear and particle physics, comprising all knowledge taking place at scales smaller than that of the atom.
SBC (Scintillating Bubble Chamber)
Experiment proposed for SNOLAB to search for dark matter and coherent neutrino scattering.
SLAC (Standford Linear Accelerator)
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a US Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory operated by Stanford University.
SM (Standard Model)
The Standard Model of elementary particle interactions.
SNO (Sudbury Neutrino Observatory)
A heavy-water based solar neutrino physics experiment that was located deep underground in Sudbury which solved the solar neutrino problem. Professor Arthur McDonald shared the 2015 Nobel Prize for his direction of SNO.
An experiment at SNOLAB whose objective is to study neutrinoless double beta-decay and lower-energy solar and geo-neutrinos using a liquid scintillator instead of heavy water in the SNO detector.
SNOLAB (Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Laboratory)
A deep underground facility in Sudbury, Ontario, specializing in neutrino physics and the search for dark matter.
SoLID (Solenoidal Large Intensity Device)
A high luminosity, large acceptance detector proposed for Jefferson Lab Hall A that makes use of the former CLEO solenoid magnet.
SRF (Superconducting Radio Frequency)
Acceleration of charged particles via the use of superconducting cavities operating in the radio frequency range. Examples include the ISAC-II and ARIEL accelerators at TRIUMF and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator at Jefferson Lab.
SuperCDMS (Cryogenic Dark Matter Search)
A dark matter experiment under construction at SNOLAB, and successor to previous generations of CDMS experiments, that will search for the direct detection of weakly interacting massive particles using cryogenic silicon germanium detectors.
T2K (Tokai to Kamioka)
A long baseline experiment from J-PARC to the Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector in Japan to study the physics of neutrino oscillation.
TIGRESS (TRIUMF-ISAC Gamma-Ray Escape-Suppressed Spectrometer)
A detector at ISAC-II for studying nuclear decays at high resolution.
TITAN (TRIUMF’s Ion Trap for Atomic and Nuclear science)
An ion trap facility at ISAC for high-precision mass measurements of rare isotopes.
TRINAT (TRIUMF Neutral Atom Trap)
A device to trap and study the radioactive decays of neutral atoms, based at ISAC-I.
Canada’s national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics and accelerator-based science.
TUCAN (TRIUMF Ultra-Cold Advanced Neutron)
A CFI-funded facility to study ultra-cold neutron properties at high precision, under development at TRIUMF.
UCN (Ultra-Cold Neutrons)
Neutrons with a kinetic energy of approximately 300 neV, or velocities ~ 7 m/s.
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